The Beatles released their first album in Britain.
They had experienced modest success with the single Love Me Do in October 1962 and had reached the top of the charts with another single, Please Please Me in January 1963.
They wrote an additional six songs and recorded six cover songs that they had performing regularly in their live act at the Cavern Club. They completed their recording of the album on February 11, 1963 in about 10 hours.
The Beatles released the album on March 22, 1963. It quickly reached the top of the album charts and stayed there at the top for a record thirty weeks.
The album lost its top spot because by then the Beatles released their second album, With the Beatles. They replaced themselves at the top of the charts.